Broome County, New York, provides numerous connections to Native American roots, and cultures. There are many historical areas and landscapes of Broome County that feature Native American land. One significant feature of the area is the Susquehanna river that extends for hundreds of miles, and is known as the longest river along the East Coast. The Susquehanna river is the sixteenth longest river of the United States.
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Centuries ago, Native Americans used to own land comprised of longhouses near the Susquehanna river. The beauty of Binghamton is captured through the pictures below featuring the Susquehanna River, and Choconut creek. Choconut Creek is another significant Native American landmark. The map found in Lewis Henry Morgan’s Book “League of the Iroquois”, featured the Tuscarora Indians which were located within the Broome County Region In the year 1720. The interactive map labels the six Iroquois nations in New York State, Please visit the Interactive Map Section on the website. Several tribes were associated with Broome county, NY. Native American culture geographically and historically has greatly influenced the rich history of Broome County.
Choconut was named after a creek associated with the Native American origin. The Choconut creek starts at Susquehanna county Pennsylvania and eventually ends up near Vestal N.Y. Broome County, in which the site was comprised of Iroquois longhouses. The water flow of the Choconut creek eventually meets the Susquehanna river.
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Picture of Choconut Creek
Picture of Susquehanna River that connects to Johnson City, Vestal N.Y.
In the picture Erie-Lackawanna bridge extends over the Susquehanna River
“Small amounts of smelted copper scrap, cold hammered smelted copper hoops, and spirals, and glass beads” were located within Binghamton New York area in the late sixteenth century.(Grumet,425) Bowland, Comfort station and the Ochquaga Complex were classified as historic sites found in Broome County NY in the 1700’s, the 18th century(Grumet,427). Near Binghamton NY, located at the “Comfort Station site on the Chenango River” identified remnants of a colonial Otsiningo Nanticoke community.(Grumet, 428)
Special Thanks to the Collection center of Binghamton University Library and Leigh Eckmair.
The Indian towns In the mid eighteenth century there were approximately 600 Native American peoples that settled on various landscapes. These landscapes comprised of villages in the area of now called Broome County. During this time period the Ouaquaga Native Americans represented the Oneida tribe. The Chenango featured the Onondaga peoples, and Owego Native American people were the Cayuga Indians. Chenango county is currently adjacent to Broome county today. The counties Delaware and Tioga also border Broome county. Both counties Tioga, and Delaware had connections to Native American History or were associated with Native Americans.
The Native American tribes such as the Cayugas, the Mahicans, and the Nanticokes are mentioned to be associated with the village on the landscape of the present day Vestal area. The Broome County region featured numerous Indian landscapes that were territories of the following tribes: Ouaquaga, Tuscarora , Susquehanna, Chenango , Nanticoke, and Choconut.
The lower portion of the Tuscarora towns were located below the village of Winsdor in Broome County; the towns were in close proximity to the village of Windsor, less than two miles away.
The Northeast Native American Cultures section is for educational purposes only.